Maryland State

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Four–Year Adjusted Cohort Dropout Rate

The four–year adjusted cohort dropout rate is defined as the number of students who leave school, for any reason other than death, within the four year period divided by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort.

The school years are defined as the first day of the school year through the summer to the first day of the following school year. Student activity that occurs during the summer, including summer withdrawals, are included in the prior year's data.

Figure 2: Four–Year Adjusted Cohort Dropout Rate Calculation

Four–Year Adjusted Cohort Dropout Rate

=

Dropouts


Adjusted Cohort

=

Students who terminate formal education for any reason other than death


(Number of First Time 9th Graders) +
(Students who transfer in) -
(Students who transfer out, emigrate, or die)
during the 4 year period

First Time 9th Graders are students who enter 9th grade for the first time and who are expected to graduate within four school years. Dropouts are any student who, for any reason other than death, leaves school before graduation or the completion of a Maryland–approved educational program (including a special education program) and is not known to enroll in another school or State–approved program.

Because the numerator includes multiple withdrawals and the denominator includes multiple re–entries across the course of the four–year period, the net result is that a student will count once, and only once, despite multiple withdrawals and reentries.