Maryland State

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Annual Measurable Objectives (AMOs) for Gap Reduction Indicator

Gap Reduction represents a decrease in the difference between the highest-achieving subgroup and the lowest-achieving subgroup by content area.

Reading, Mathematics, and Science Gap Reduction
AMOs for Reading, Mathematics, and Science Gap Reduction are set in annual equal reductions toward a 50% reduction in the difference between the highest-achieving subgroup and the lowest-achieving subgroup by 2017. The goal for Reading, Mathematics, and Science Gap Reduction is 0 percent difference between the highest and lowest performing subgroups.

Five-Year Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate Gap Reduction
AMOs for Five-Year Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate Gap Reduction are set in annual equal reductions toward a 50% reduction in the difference between the highest-achieving subgroup and the lowest-achieving subgroup by 2020. The goal for Graduation Rate Gap Reduction is 5 percent difference between the highest and lowest performing subgroups.

Four-Year Adjusted Cohort Dropout Rate Gap Reduction
AMOs for Four-Year Adjusted Cohort Dropout Rate Gap Reduction are set in annual equal reductions toward a 50% reduction in the difference between the highest-achieving subgroup and the lowest-achieving subgroup by 2020. The goal for Dropout Rate Gap Reduction is 5 percent difference between the highest and lowest performing subgroups.

Gap Reduction AMOs are determined by calculating Proficiency Rates for all subgroups within a school for each content area. The highest and lowest performing subgroups for the baseline school year are determined. The difference between the highest and lowest subgroups is the Overall Needed Reduction which can be used in the calculation above to determine the AMO targets.

The targets are calculated separately by content within a school. When a school's baseline target for any of the contents is extraordinarily low (5 percent or less), then the LEA level AMO or State level AMO (highest of the two) will be substituted for the School group.

For Gap Reduction, larger values indicate less desirable performance. In order to provide continuity in comparisons between measures, the inverse is used in calculating gap reduction. The inverse is 1 minus the current year’s gap.